The city of Mar del Plata (about 1 million of inhabitants), seventh Argentine city for population and famous tourist destination in summer, is located in Buenos Aires’ district.
The city of Mar del Plata has a system of institutions dedicated to the artistic teaching: an academic education, inclined to the creation of the teaching corps is represented by the Conservatory L. Gianneo; and a secondary “inter-artistic” training expressed through the Instituto de Profesorado Artístico (I.P.A.), where different disciplines live together, orientated to folk music.
It is necessary to underline that these institutions don’t have agreements or programs in common which would enable an exchange of students or teachers, as there are no group activities in their programs such as orchestra or ensembles.
There are also some municipal realities in the arts: “Banda Sinfónica Municipal”, “Orquesta Sinfónica Municipal”, “Orquesta de Tango Municipal”.
A recent municipal program called “Orquesta Infanto-Juvenil Municipal” aims to offer the opportunity to access an academic-institutional education, similar to the Conservatory, which is often limited in number of users and by an exclusive extraction.
The Argentine state offers a wide range of places that under the name of "centro cultural ", "museo", " espacio cultural", "la casa de ..." propose art events, such as exhibitions, debates, workshops, etc.
In this sense the most significant spaces in Mar del Plata are represented by the “Teatro Auditorium” (subjected to the District of Buenos Aires, hosting exhibitions, debates and artistic activities in public spaces), the “Teatro Colón” (depending on the “General Pueyrredón” municipality, a place that hosts the activity of the official artistic entity divided between the “Teatro Colón” itself and the “Teatro Diagonal”, also municipal), the MAR museum (depending on the District of Buenos Aires).
What comes to light is a rather limited artistic reality compared to the size of the city, in part because of its proximity (about 500 km) to the federal capital, strong cultural focus, in part due to an emptiness between artistic realties and the social-cultural reality.
This brings to a concentration of culture in few places and to an elitist public, that decreases in number and often becomes an élite with its own age, social class, territory origin, economic possibilities characteristics.
There are some policies of the city administration about this situation: the “Usinas Artisticas” program (artistic workshops in the hoods), “LiberArte” (program that wants to give the opportunity for individuals to have their own space for artistic expression), “ Acción Cultural Comunitaria” ( where the artistic offer is organized and decentralized by the local government), “El Colón Camina” (a decentralization in neighborhoods of part of the same theatre’s activity), “FactoriArte” (a program to support the development of young people through the promotion of their potential in the audiovisual field). Unfortunately the actions of these programs are currently not enough because of the lack of structures, offers, dialogue and coordination.
As a result there is the creation of strong disparities of access to art and culture, not only for economic and geographic reasons, but also for lack of purpose.
The strong tourist connotation of the city would allow to have a remarkable and varied consumption, especially in Summer, leaving space to a far more wide artistic and cultural offer, with benefits and repercussions on all the population and for all the year.
As you can see, Mar del Plata reflects an Argentine reality, historically repeated in time by governments of different political persuasions, where, despite having great potential to become a focal point not only touristic and to develop artistic programs that embrace also the social sphere: there are no structures, no medium or wide ranged common programs, there is no contact between the different local institutions, between institutions and artists, between the art context and social initiatives.